Baltic Bird

Intermodal Connectivity


WP Leader

Central Denmark Tourism Foundation

Susi Jæger Korsholm
Tel. 0045 70202160
Mob. 0045 40359009
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The main objective of the Work Package 4 "Intermodal Connectivity" (WP 4) is to give project partners a precise and transparent look at strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and risks regarding the current and future linkage of their public transport services (PTS) with airport and air transport.

A further objective is to facilitate use of PTS when accessing Baltic Sea Region (BSR) airports. This will achieve reductions of emission of greenhouse gases per departing and arriving PAX by lowering individual traffic to and from airports. Ecological sustainability of developed and implemented services will be shown.

An additional objective is to jointly elaborate pilot-investment, which will give all partners an opportunity to transnationally benefit from findings.

To achieve goals, partners will jointly work at conceptualising tasks, and on collecting relevant data for SWOT-analysis.
Based on this analysis and best practice results, strategies on innovative individual PTS will be developed. This will lead to feasibility and pre-investment studies - for example the implementation of better PAX information systems, "interactive" bus stops and new call-a-bus concepts also at smaller airports ("individualisation of public transport”) in peripheral BSR.


Activity 4.1: Joint conceptual design of SWOT-analysis tasks

Conceptual design of SWOT-analysis of intermodal connectivity in BSR is important to ensure particular needs and characteristics of regions, airports and public transport agencies are integrated in execution of the analysis. This is essential to initially identify whether improvements of information services of public transport at interfaces of air and public transport (airports, bus stations and public places) and/ or innovative bus concepts to improve accessibility between airports and regions (e.g. “call-a-bus system) might be suitable for peripheral in comparison to agglomerated BSR. SWOT-analysis is also a backbone initiative for the later development of feasible strategies and pre-investment studies in activity 4.5 ("Implementation of new PTS"). Poznan Airport will present conceptual design of CHAMPIONS’ analyzing tools for improving accessibility of Central Europe's airports through PTS, so that BALTIC BIRD partners will become familiar with SWOT-analysis method and goals, as well as requirements and effects.

Joint approaches to conceptually designing analysis will result in formulating basic terms and requirements for tendering external support based on regional regulation of partners.

Activity 4.2: Data Collection for SWOT-analysis

Together with external expert Uniconsult Universal Transport Consulting GmbH, partners will collect relevant data to input into SWOT-analysis. Data relating to requirements of involved public transport agencies, airports, and regional authorities regarding linkage of public and air transport services will be collected through a questionnaire method.

As well, requirements for PTS will be collected from PAX accessing airports.

Additional, socio-economic data of peripheral and agglomerated BSR, data on current situation of PAX information and public transport infrastructure at airports, in city centres and regional public transport stations will be collected (e.g. in Finland supported by Chamber of Commerce Central Finland).

Data will flow through SWOT-analysis, and result in public transport user profiles, current modal split situation for accessing airports and represent the current state of PTS with regards to the peripheral regions of North Karelia, Lappland, Ostrobothnia and in the more agglomerated Bydgoszcz region. Especially for Bydgoszcz, it is of vital interest to collect market data since they want to invest in "check-in-information" terminals for PAX (“City Air Terminals”) in city centers of Bydgoszcz/ Torun in connection with transportation to and from airport.

Activity 4.3: Execution of SWOT-analysis

Involved partners will jointly execute analysis with external expert Uniconsult Universal Transport Consulting GmbH. There will be an evaluation of PTS (information/ infrastructure) gaps in the regions of the partners; the partners will evaluate each other to perpetuate objectivity. For example Midtjysk Turisme together with Karup and Aarhus airport will gain knowledge through the SWOT-analysis about better linking airports, region and surrounding cities by PTS.

There will be a best practice elaboration of PTS in BSR. The best practice tour will conduct questionnaire based expert interviews to analyse the current quality of PTS to and from exemplary airports (e.g. information systems, infrastructure). Main destinations of this tour will be the airport of Poznan and Berlin. At Berlin airport, there will be a best practice transfer workshop organised to achieve reliable results.

Best practice results, and the results of the questionnaire based data collection (activity 4.2) will lead to a set of PTS and air transport linkage designs that will be measured and evaluated with regard to analysis. Good practices will be identified and analysed to wether they can reasonably be applied and to what extent, and at which BALTIC BIRD partner regions/ airports in order to improve interconnectivity. SWOT-analysis of intermodal linkage design at partner regions will be made transparent. For example Ivalo will gain precise understanding about the current situation and future opportunities showing how to best link industry and logistic, location settlings along the remote Arctic Corridor. This will be with public transport (e.g. call-a-bus systems) to safeguard its unique nature, while strengthening economic development. University Wismar will investigate cargo flows in BSR. In case of significant volumes of goods, combination of cargo and public transport might be considered (e.g. “KombiBus” approach in the peripheral German region of Uckermark).

Bundling of cargo and PAX on the same infrastructure might be an opportunity to make an investment with regards to establish a bus route economically reasonable. This is despite the fact that PAX numbers and cargo loads regarded alone/ uni-modal would actually be regarded as too low for initializing such efforts in peripheral BSR and airports. In the end, SWOT-analysis results will feed into a “PTS analysis study” and give indicators for partner regions serving as starting points for development and design of strategies in activity 4.5 ("Implementation of new PTS").

Activity 4.4: Development of "individual public transport services"

This activity will transform results of SWOT-analysis and best practice investigation into strategic options for innovative PTS. By using creativity techniques, partners will elaborate innovative individual PTS strategies with the help of external expertise. Two or three possible solutions (at least one for agglomerated BSR and one for peripheral BSR) will be part of following feasibility studies.

After assuring general feasibility, there will be one pre-investment study for Bydgoszcz airport and one for the regions of Ostrobothnia, Midtjylland, and North Karelia ("innovative call-a-bus system" combining PAX and cargo transport). Bydgoszcz has already indicated his interest to transnationally elaborate on his “City Air Terminal” solution, which will possibly comprise guidance system for "online check-in" in the city, multilingual information on seamless PTS connections to airport and actual/ current waiting times at safety checks, etc. They will be implemented as a pilot project at Bydgoszcz airport, and in the cities of Torun/ Bydgoszcz. Pre-investment studies shall include joint definitions of specifications for PAX information equipment and/ or PTS infrastructure (for example technical capabilities and efficiency, purchase cost, staff requirements, legal framework and requirements).

There might be works on the development of alternatives how to best display electronic real-time information (such as local PTS or flight schedules), on the market analysis for technical suppliers, and on finding suitable locations for such electronic PAX information kiosks in space such as airport arrival areas, bus stations or city centres.

Activity 4.5: Implementation of new PTS

Pre-investment studies will result in pilot investments such as “City Air Terminals” and "innovative call-a-bus system for peripheral BSR", accompanied by monitoring of investment results. An example of this would be investments leading to the rise of numbers of PAX using public transport. All partners of WP 4 can learn from positive and negative implications of pilot investments (direct transnational effects).

Activity 4.6: Calculation of ecological sustainability of new PTS

Activity 4.5 ("Implementation of new PTS") will be accompanied by calculations pertaining to ecological aspects. Part of the feasibility studies, as well as of the pilot-investment study will be calculations of carbon footprint per PAX arriving and departing by PTS in comparison to the already existing individual transport by car. The aims is to concretely verify reductions on CO2-emissions and air pollution. This allows continuous tracing of the ecological impact when setting up new intermodal connectivity links between airports and public transport. Calculations have to be integrated into calculations about the ecological impact of new route developments (activity 3.5 "Implementation of new routes") leading to comprehensive calculations of overall ecological sustainability of new route implementation, bearing in mind ecological aspects of new PTS for PAX. Calculations will utilise results of activity 3.3 ("PAX market potential analysis") so that partner airports and regions will be able to include current and future departing and arriving PAX numbers.

Expected outputs

  • Feasibility study for public transport/ intermodal airport connectivity solutions in the peripheral BSR of South Ostrobothnia, North Karelia, Midtjylland: regions and airports gain knowledge about feasibility of transnationally developed strategy; uses study for preparing pre-investment study.
  • Feasibility study for agglomerated region (Bydgoszcz) on innovative individual PTS: Bydgoszcz gains knowledge about feasibility of trans/nationally developed strategies City Air Terminals; uses study for preparing pre-investment study (e.g. optimal location, design of investment).
  • Pre-investment study “City Air Terminals”: joint transnational work on specifications for PAX information equipment/public transport infrastructure; Bydgoszcz uses study for investing in those terminals; partners use knowledge on i.a. technical capability and efficiency for own future investments.
  • Pre-investment studies for public transport/ intermodal airport connectivity solutions in the peripheral BSR of South Ostrobothnia, Midtjysk, North Karelia use study for investing in this system; partners use knowledge on the technical capability/ efficiency for own future investments.
  • Public transport service SWOT-analysis studies: involved regions and airports get insight about the current situation and future opportunities of intermodal linkage design between airport, air transport, public transport services (PTS); use it as basis for developing innovative feasible PTS strategies and investments.
  • Pilot implementation “innovative individual PTS: pilot investment “City Air Terminals”; PAX will use it for quick self check-in in the City and information on seamless transport to airport; PTS will use it to rise PAX numbers; EU can use it to show ecological balance between air transport and PTS

Involved partners

You are here: Home Activities Intermodal Connectivity